Chicken Fences: Chicken Wire Vs. Hardware Cloth

Fencing Tips for Chicken Pens and Runs

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If it’s called chicken wire, it must be for chickens, right? Chicken wire is widely recognized as the hexagon shaped welded wire, commonly used on farms for various fencing needs, including for chicken fences.

In the blog, Bytes Daily, Otto wrote a little explanation of chicken wire.

“Chicken wire was invented in 1844 by British ironmonger Charles Barnard. He developed it for his father, a farmer, the manufacturing process being based on cloth-weaving machines. Apparently, the town of Norwich, where Barnard Junior had his business, had a plentiful supply of cloth weaving machines.”

There are some instances where chicken wire is the perfect choice of wire, but when talking about securing your feathered friends in their chicken runs and coops, I do not recommend chicken wire. While it may keep a small flock of chickens in a set area, it is not very strong. Predators can easily move it out of their way, rip it or tear it open to gain access to your chickens or other small vulnerable livestock. It is similar to cloth in that it is woven together.

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In short, chicken wire is helpful in keeping chickens in, but not very good at keeping chicken predators out.

Where Chicken Wire Can Be Used Successfully

Chicken wire can be used to keep pullets separated from the older chickens inside the chicken pen and run.

Chicken wire might be a good barrier to keep the chickens out of your garden.

Chicken wire is also useful when temporarily plugging holes at the fence baseline to keep chickens in the run. Fold or crumple up a piece of chicken wire and stuff it into the hole. Cover with dirt and pack down. Make a more permanent fence repair as soon as possible.

Chicken wire is good for burying underground around the perimeter of the chicken coop and run to deter predators from digging into the coop. Most predators will only try to dig in for a short time. When they reach a wire barrier they will often quit digging and move to another spot.

Chicken wire is great for craft projects, building armatures for sculptures.

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http://timbercreekfarmer.com/chicken-wire-memo-board-do-it-yourself/

And Chicken wire makes a pretty interesting texture in a photograph.

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What To Use Instead Of Chicken Wire for Chicken Fences

The preferred wire fencing for a secure chicken fence is called hardware cloth.  I am not sure how it got the name because it is much stronger than cloth!  It does not bend as easily and is welded making it a stronger product.

In our chicken coop, we have six windows. All of the windows are covered with hardware cloth with 1-inch square openings. Hardware cloth comes in various size mesh. The 1/4 inch size has a very tiny mesh and the 2 x 2 and 2 x 4 mesh would be too large of a mesh, allowing small predators to slip through. I personally recommend either the 1/2 inch or 1-inch mesh. Hardware cloth is most often a galvanized, welded metal product that is extremely durable.

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Make sure you attach it to the window or vent openings using screws, and a sturdy board to hold it in place.

Safety Issues Of Chickens and Chicken Wire

When you find yourself asking what does a chicken coop need, you can generally cross chicken wire off that list. One reason to shy away from chicken wire is the possibility of it causing injury to your birds.

Since chicken wire is flimsy, it can break and fall apart leaving hazards for your chicken’s feet. Chicken wire should never be used as a flooring for a coop as it can contribute to foot injuries, including bumblefoot. Chicken toes can get caught in the wire and lead to broken toes. Small chicks can get caught in the mesh. Broken, worn wire sticking out can cause scratches, eye injuries and cuts.

Paying extra attention to overall coop safety and your chicken fences will pay off over and over, and keep your chickens healthy and happy.

Just getting started with backyard chickens? Here’s a free chicken coop plan for an easy 3×7 coop design that recommends 1/2” hardware wire.

Janet writes about simple homesteading and raising livestock on her blog Timber Creek Farm. Her new book, Chickens From Scratch, is available now through the Timber Creek Farm website and on the Countryside Network.

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Originally published in 2015 and regularly vetted for accuracy. 

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Comments
  • When building our chicken run, I was more than grateful that my husband, who is more handyman-inclined than I am, was up to the challenge. However, when it came to attaching the hardware cloth, we didn’t really have any guidelines on specifically how to attach it, resulting in many loose places where predators could easily penetrate the run and gain inside access. Have you by chance written previously on this topic? Good tips on where to attach the Harward cloth, and which side of a 2×4 (or whatever) it should be wrapped around before adhering, what to use to adhere, and how to avoid gaps and best ways or measurements to choose in order to work best with the measurements of the hardware cloth, etc. This sort of info would be gravely appreciated, wether it’s your own link or somewhere else anyone could direct me to would be fabulous!

    Reply
  • I use standard chain link fence, and it works great for mature chickens. If I had bitties, I would wrap chicken wire around my existing fence…easy.

    Reply
  • Agree, I only use it over a chicken run area. I had baby chicks get their head stuck in there and died. Mice and Chipmunks can easily go through it and eat the chicken food. Hardware cloth is far superior.

    Reply
  • Have any of you used the soft-sided electric fencing? I did a tour of Joel Salatin’s farm in VA and it seemed to work amazingly well (with the added employment of a guard goose). Of course he moves his around a pasture. just wondering if anyone is using it.

    Reply
  • I no longer use chicken wire to enclose the run because as mentioned before, I had chicks get their heads stuck. I use hardware cloth to cover the windows & doors of the coop but found a problem that I had to correct.
    I used a brad nailer to staple the hardware cloth to the door opening which allowed for air flow but I did not cover the staples. We had a raccoon pick out the staples in the corner, fold up the hardware cloth and then kill our 4 guineas. I still staple the hardware cloth but then cover the staples with a lathing strip that I attach with screws. I’ve had no more raccoon problems.

    Reply

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